What is Much Better Debt Funds or Equity Funds?

There has been very much confusion among the investors that where one should fund it. They are finding a way to know which one is best either mutual funds debt and equity. Knowing the distinction between debt and equity funds will assist an investor to determine where to designate their funds.

First, let’s understand what is debt & equity funds:

Debt funds: A debt fund is a kind of tax saving mutual funds that funds shareholder’s capital in established income contracts like debentures and treasury notes. A debt fund may finance in small-term or long-term agreements, securitized commodities, capital market tools or floating debt.


Equity funds: An equity fund, also identified as a stock fund, is a kind of mutual fund that funds shareholder’s capital mostly in assets. The equity mutual funds are generally categorized as per of the organization size, the expense form of the holdings in the holdings and topography.


Here are the main distinctions between debt and equity funds:

Nature of the fund

Debt: In Debt funds, the capital pooled from individuals are spent in established income tools such as state bonds, corporate bonds, and other highly-rated devices.

Equity: In Equity funds, the funds gathered from investors are placed into assets and equity-linked tools. For instance, if a fund finances higher than 65% of their portfolio in assets, they are usually viewed as equity funds.

Risk factor

Debt: Debt funds are reliable as opposed to equity funds. This is because they originally fund in fixed and risk-free equity and corporate bonds. There is certainly no risk in state bonds but for corporate bonds – the investor must review rating of the bond by various credit evaluation agencies. The bond rates are susceptible to interest rate fluctuations and hence there will be a similar variation in the NAV of the stock.

Equity: Equity funds are supposed as unsafe as opposed to debt funds. Equity contracts are active by nature and are susceptible to financial factors like inflation, price rates, money fluctuations, bank procedures etc. Therefore any variation in market values will have a similar influence on the Net Asset Value of the investment. The reliable way to be saved in market buoyancy is to choose a great equity mutual fund plan that will spend their corpus in various firms or businesses giving diversification.

Tax Liabilities

Debt: Debt funds, which are operated for longer than 36 months, are charged at 20% with indexation. In state of short-term debt stocks, the monetary gain is calculated to the entire interest of the investor and then charged according to the revenue tax part he/she comes below.

Equity: The long-term equity stocks are excluded from property gains tax. Equity funds continued for 1 year or shorter are taxed at a low price of 15%.


Debt: Debt funds can provide you regular returns but in a fixed range. Since debt funds spend money in bank bonds, there’s very less chance linked with them. Debt funds are safe investment choice when the market is active.

Equity: Equity mutual funds investment provide excellent returns above the long period of time as opposed to debt funds. But, the probability of failures and negative results is also huge when the market is unpredictable. Equity funds are great when the businesses are growing.

Deciding among Debt vs. Equity

Investment objectives – The goal could be to income production or money creation. Debt is desirable for those seeking to make a profit from their investments because it gives more assurance of results. However, for extension and wealth production, equities would be a suitable choice relying on the purchase duration and return expectation.

Tax applicable – Equity properties are highly taxed effectively with zero tax for holdings greater than one year. Debt stocks, on the other hand, bring short-term property profits tax before 3 years. For an investor funding for greater than 3 years, there is no variation in tax among equity & debt.

The choice is, therefore, a complicated one including several parameters. To get it simpler, we suggest that while being informed of all rules, you pick one criterion that is most relevant to you and execute your preference.

Once you consider these options then you will be able to make the right choice.